Gear manufacturer retrofits CNC grinding machine

March 21, 2023 - 07:00am
Bharat Gears Ltd.

Bharat Gears Ltd., one of India’s largest manufacturers of quality gears, has successfully retrofitted a Reishauer RZ361A gear grinding machine with an advanced NUM Flexium+68 CNC system.

Founded in 1971, Bharat Gears Ltd (BGL) operates three large gear manufacturing plants in India, at Mumbra, Faridabad and Satara. The company produces a range of ring gears and pinions, transmission gears and shafts, differential gears, and gearboxes, primarily for the world’s automotive and agricultural machinery industries. BGL also manufactures specialist heat treatment furnaces, including sealed quench and pusher continuous gas carburizing product lines.

All three of BGL’s production facilities are extensively automated. Over the years, the company has invested heavily in gear manufacturing automation and its production floors feature a large and diverse installed base of CNC-controlled gear cutting, hobbing, shaping, shaving and grinding machines.

BGL routinely replaces older-generation gear production machines with the latest models, but occasionally it makes more economic sense to upgrade the control system technology of a machine instead of completely replacing it.

This was recently the case with a Reishauer RZ361A gear grinding machine at BGL’s Faridabad plant, as the company’s Gear Technologist, Mr. B.L. Pansare, said: “We have come to regard these machines as something of a workhorse – they represent Swiss engineering at its best, consistently providing precision grinding capabilities. However, for machines which are 15~20 years old, it is often problematic keeping them production-worthy due to difficulties getting support for component failures, and they can therefore lack the reliability we need for efficient production of some of today’s more complex gear profiles.”

BGL decided to upgrade the control system of the Reishauer machine with a CNC system from NUM primarily on the strength of NUM’s reputation for providing complete solutions, including hardware, software and project support.

NUM’s Swiss background was another confidence-boosting factor. In this instance, the upgrade involved retrofitting the machine with a high-end Flexium+68 CNC system – including drives and servo/spindle motors – and was carried out by engineers from BGL’s in-house retrofitting team with assistance from NUM’s newly-established branch in India, backed by additional technical inputs from NUM Switzerland.

All component parts were delivered and interfaced on schedule. There were a few technical challenges along the way, which is to be expected given the complex nature of the project. But these were all encountered head-on and resolved satisfactorily. Initially, a few of the software cycles did not perform as intended when grinding an atypical gear for a USA-based customer.

After troubleshooting, the NUM team determined that it was perfectly possible to grind the gear profile, but that it would require detailed modifications to the standard software. NUM undertook the necessary modifications and delivered the revised code to the satisfaction of BGL. The mechanical structure of the RZ361A gear grinding machine was found to be less robust than originally expected, which was affecting the accuracy, so remedial mechanical modifications were also carried out.

In the final analysis, BGL is delighted with the performance of the upgraded Reishauer machine, which now combines accurate and repeatable gear grinding capabilities with the reliability and ease-of-use of modern production automation. According to Rajesh Nath, Managing Director of NUM India,

“This was probably the first time that an end-user has retrofitted a Reishauer RZ361A in India. We are grateful for the trust placed by BGL in NUM technology. In reciprocation, NUM has walked the legendary extra mile to provide high-quality support and customization services to its customer.”

Related Glossary Terms

  • carburizing


    Absorption and diffusion of carbon into solid ferrous alloys by heating, to a temperature above the transformation range, in contact with a suitable carbonaceous material. A form of casehardening that produces a carbon gradient extending inward from the surface, enabling the surface layer to be hardened either by quenching directly from the carburizing temperature or by cooling to room temperature, then reaustenitizing and quenching.

  • computer numerical control ( CNC)

    computer numerical control ( CNC)

    Microprocessor-based controller dedicated to a machine tool that permits the creation or modification of parts. Programmed numerical control activates the machine’s servos and spindle drives and controls the various machining operations. See DNC, direct numerical control; NC, numerical control.

  • grinding


    Machining operation in which material is removed from the workpiece by a powered abrasive wheel, stone, belt, paste, sheet, compound, slurry, etc. Takes various forms: surface grinding (creates flat and/or squared surfaces); cylindrical grinding (for external cylindrical and tapered shapes, fillets, undercuts, etc.); centerless grinding; chamfering; thread and form grinding; tool and cutter grinding; offhand grinding; lapping and polishing (grinding with extremely fine grits to create ultrasmooth surfaces); honing; and disc grinding.

  • grinding machine

    grinding machine

    Powers a grinding wheel or other abrasive tool for the purpose of removing metal and finishing workpieces to close tolerances. Provides smooth, square, parallel and accurate workpiece surfaces. When ultrasmooth surfaces and finishes on the order of microns are required, lapping and honing machines (precision grinders that run abrasives with extremely fine, uniform grits) are used. In its “finishing” role, the grinder is perhaps the most widely used machine tool. Various styles are available: bench and pedestal grinders for sharpening lathe bits and drills; surface grinders for producing square, parallel, smooth and accurate parts; cylindrical and centerless grinders; center-hole grinders; form grinders; facemill and endmill grinders; gear-cutting grinders; jig grinders; abrasive belt (backstand, swing-frame, belt-roll) grinders; tool and cutter grinders for sharpening and resharpening cutting tools; carbide grinders; hand-held die grinders; and abrasive cutoff saws.

  • shaping


    Using a shaper primarily to produce flat surfaces in horizontal, vertical or angular planes. It can also include the machining of curved surfaces, helixes, serrations and special work involving odd and irregular shapes. Often used for prototype or short-run manufacturing to eliminate the need for expensive special tooling or processes.


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