Cutting Tool Engineering Abbreviation Index

Al2O3

aluminum oxide

AS/RS

automated storage and retrieval system

ATC

automatic toolchanger

AWJ

abrasive waterjet

HB

Brinell hardness

BUE

built-up edge

CAD

computer-aided design

CAM

computer-aided manufacturing

CBN

cubic boron nitride

CIM

computer-integrated manufacturing

CMM

coordinate measuring machine

CNC

computer numerical control

CRT

cathode ray tube

CVD

chemical vapor deposition

DNC

direct numerical control

DNC

distributive numerical control

DOC

depth of cut

DRO

digital readout

EDI

electronic data interchange

EDM

electrical discharge machine

EDM/PDM

engineering document management/product data management

EP

extreme pressure

FEA

finite element analysis

FMS

flexible manufacturing system

fpm

feet per minute

gpm

gallons per minute

HAZ

heat-affected zone

HMC

horizontal machining center

hp

horsepower

HSS

high-speed steel

I/O

input/output

IC

inscribed circle

ID

inner diameter

in./sec.

inch per second

ipm

inch per minute

ipr

inch per revolution

ipt

inch per tooth

JIT

just-in-time

LAN

local area network

LCD

liquid-crystal display

MAP

manufacturing automation protocol

MMC

metal-matrix composite

MoS2

molybdenum disulfide

MRO

maintenance, repair, and operating

mrr

metal-removal rate

MSDS

material-safety data sheet

NC

numerical control

OD

outer diameter

ODBC

open-database connectivity

OEM

original equipment manufacturer

PC

personal computer

PCBN

polycrystalline cubic boron nitride

PCD

polycrystalline diamond

PLC

programmable logic controller

PM

powder (particle) metal

ppm

parts per million

psi

pounds per square inch

PVD

physical vapor deposition

QA

quality assurance

QC

quality control

R&D

research and development

Ra

roughness average

HRC, HRA, HRB

Rockwell

RMS

root mean square (to do with electric current)

rms

root mean square (to do with surface finish)

ROI

return on investment

RP

rapid prototyping

rpm

revolutions per minute

sfm

surface feet per minute

SiC

silicon carbide

SiN

silicon nitride

SPC

statistical process control

TCT

tungsten-carbide tipped

TiAlN

titanium aluminum nitride

TiC

titanium carbide

TiCN

titanium carbonitride

TiN

titanium nitride

TIR

total indicator runout

TPM

total productive maintenance

TQM

total quality management

VMC

vertical machining center

WOC

width of cut