June 2009 / Volume 61 / Issue 6|
By Jim Grimes, Sandvik Coromant Co.
| Getting the most from multitask machines requires knowing whether the parts a shop produces are appropriate for the technology, selecting and training the right employees and applying the correct tools.
Courtesy of Mori Seiki U.S.A.
Over the past several years, the growing prevalence of multitask, or mill/turn, machines has caused many shops to consider investing in the technology to maintain or improve their competitive edge. As with any innovation, successful implementation of multitasking requires a shift from conventional thinking.
In looking at companies that have adopted multitasking, the greatest success stories have inevitably arisen from manufacturers that carefully planned for its integration and creatively reimagined their machining processes. Enough shops have successfully multitask machined that it is possible to construct a guide to maximizing the technology’s benefits.The Right Choice?
Some of the best applications of multitask machines come from the aerospace and energy industries. Multitasking is certainly not limited to those fields, but the large, complicated parts produced for aircraft, power generation and oil field applications embody many of the features for which multitasking offers significant potential for improvement.
For large parts that require internal and external machining, multitask machines allow producing a completed part with a single setup on a single fixture. End users obtain several benefits by eliminating the need to move a part through processes on more than one machine. Productivity receives a significant boost, because part handling time is minimized. A shop’s work flow can also be simplified and improved, as parts do not have to be scheduled for time across various workstations. Accuracy can also improve, as each refixturing of a part creates an opportunity to introduce error.
Manufacturers that understand and utilize a B-axis-type multitask machine also stand to experience significant gains. Effective use of a B-axis allows machining of highly complex parts.
On the other hand, not every job is well suited for a multitask machine. Typically, high-production runs of relatively simple, standardized parts are most efficiently manufactured by expensive, dedicated, specialized machines that can produce them very quickly. In those instances, there will be little or no benefit from multitasking, and it may even diminish productivity.
The same can be said of jobs where production is already optimized. In some instances, a twin-spindle, twin-turret machine provides quick process times and, despite the much longer setup times, will be the optimal process for parts requiring large production runs. Determining the best way to machine a part requires careful evaluation of the part’s complexity and understanding how differing machine technologies will machine it.Preparing Employees
Once a shop has decided to integrate a multitask machining center into its operations, successful implementation will depend largely upon selecting or hiring the right employees to program and operate the machine and providing them with the proper training. Too often, a manufacturer selects someone especially strong in milling or turning, but with little practical experience in the other discipline. As a result, the shop may fail to realize the equipment’s true benefits.
Ideal candidates to work with a new multitask machine are those with a broad base of machining experience. Significant experience in both turning and milling should be required and exposure to ancillary processes, such as gundrilling and gear cutting, can provide a significant edge as well. The ideal candidate is well-rounded and most likely would have filled the position of toolmaker in the shops of yesteryear.
The candidate should also have the imagination needed to program a multitask machine. A multitask machine—with a large Y-axis travel, a spindle on the B-axis that can move at different angles and a full C-axis—can operate in entirely new ways. The ability to conceptualize the machine’s potential is vital to developing programs that take full advantage of its capabilities. If an ideal candidate does not immediately come to mind, a shop might consider using aptitude tests that measure visualization skills.
Once a shop has determined which employees will take ownership of programming and operating a new multitask machine, in-depth training from the machine tool builder is essential. Valuable education can also be obtained from manufacturers of ancillary products, such as cutting tools and software. Toolmakers, in particular, can offer substantial value. That’s because they often develop tools specifically for multitask machines.Tooling Considerations
While there are various tools for multitask machining, expertise in three specific categories is vital. True mastery of combination, miniturret and turn/mill tools will only come through comprehensive training and experience, and there are several key concepts that should be understood about each of them.
As the name implies, combination tools are multifunctional, combining turning and milling in a single tool. Such a tool can be indexed to a number of positions to allow stationary turning or rotated to mill. As the tool is set up, operators must understand how to write the offsets for its operation. Instead of setting one offset for the tool, individual offsets must be set for each operation.
Miniturret tools allow multiple cutting heads and blades to be placed in a single tool location. The miniturret is indexed to apply specific inserts for turning, threading or grooving. Again, setting a separate offset for each tool is required to take advantage of the system, as is programming the miniturret to index to the correct position for each operation.
With turn/mill machines, the two processes are combined and a rotating tool is applied to a rotating part. Offset comes into play yet again with turn/mill tools because different values must be used for wiper inserts and round inserts. The tool must be offset from the centerline of the C-axis rotation or the cylindrical diameter being cut. To obtain high productivity and fine surface finishes, the centerline of the cutter must be positioned properly to maximize tool performance.
If the proper steps are taken, from ensuring the technology’s applicability to selecting and training the right operators and programmers, multitask machining provides a competitive advantage. It can help negate the dual impact of cheap foreign labor and a shrinking skilled domestic workforce. Productivity increases and a greater level of flexibility result. CTEAbout the Author: Jim Grimes is product manager, machine investments for Sandvik Coromant Co., Fair Lawn, N.J. For more information about the company’s cutting tools for multitasking and other tools, call (800) 726-3845 or visit www.coromant.sandvik.com/us.
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